168 VERDICT OX INDIA munist experiment which he appears to have believed could be repeated, mutatis mutandis 9 in India. Why he left Russia is not quite clear, though it is obvious that in some respects he had been disillusioned. All that concerns us is that in 1930* surrounded by glamour and mystery, he reappeared on, the Indian scene, where he promptly proceeded to get into everybody's hair, from the lion's niaue to the Brahmin's bun. Why has Roy this remarkable talent for getting into people's hair ? For two reasons. Firstly, because he is rock-bottom honest, and rock-bottom honest Indian politicians are rarer than diamonds. Secondly, because he is a socialist who realizes that behind all the fog and fury of religious and political controversy lies a crazy economic structure that is hideous and worm-eaten and tottering. He wants to knock this structure down, Congress wants to bolster it up. Roy has been called 'The Karl Marx of India/ The tag will do as well as any other, though he is so electric a personality that one might as well try to tie a label on to a flash of lightning. This personality he expresses through a small but influential political group called the Radical Democratic Party. The official organ of the party, published in New Delhi, is Independent India. Apart from this contribution^ to this paper, Roy is a prolific -writer, hammering away with brutal insistence on the hidden alliance between Gandhism, Congress, and Fascism, an alliance which, though it is vehemently denied, is not only unquestionable but inherent in the very structure of the two movements. He is not sparing of personalities. This is what he writes of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian's Number "2 politician, and Gandhi's inevitable successor. v Theoretically anti-Fascist, Xehru has been acting as the leader of Indian Fascism* and temperamentally none is better suited for the role. He is a classical cs National-Socialist," being neither a nationalist nor a socialist. His nationalism is cancelled by his loudly professed internationalism, and his socialism is belied by nationalist fanaticism. If Gandhi is the spiritual guide of Con- gress, Nehru is its effective leader, and as such, he is the leader of Indian Fascism/1 i Freedom or Fascism Tby 31. X. Roy , Radical Democratic Party, December 1942).